Peru is one of 10 mega-diverse countries of the world, with hundreds of endemic species of flora and fauna; a paradise for bird watching and orchid spotting, or the exploration of remote and mythical natural landscapes, some still pristine virgin lands teeming with life.
Protected Natural Areas
Gifted with exceptional beauty, the Peruvian parks, including the Huascarán National Park, declared a Natural Heritage of Humanity, offer a large variety of flora and fauna, glaciers, stunning lagoons and peaks that are among the tallest in the world and attract mountain climbers from all corners of the globe. Other parks have been created to conduct conservation work and protect endangered species, with its rainforests providing ideal conditions for such activities. The objective of the National Service of Areas Protected by the State (SERNANP) is to conserve the biological diversity of Peru (flora, fauna and scenery). In these areas it is possible to develop sustainable and diversified tourism that has a minimum negative impact: an activity that also generates income to go towards appropriate local conservation work.And, of course, there is the unbelievable jewel of Machu Picchu, declared a natural and cultural World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which reveals the ancient Inca civilization to us. This is the most protected and visited natural area in Peru, offering us extensive biological diversity due to its microclimates.These areas can be divided into various categories of use: parks, reserves, national sanctuaries, historic sanctuaries, restricted areas, hunting grounds, protected forests, communal reserves, scenic reserves and wildlife habitat.
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